Does Resetting Computer Remove Viruses?

When computer viruses infect our devices, they can wreak havoc on our system, leading to slow performance, data loss, and even theft. As a result, many people wonder if resetting their computer is an effective solution for getting rid of viruses. It’s an understandable concern, given that a full reset can erase all data and programs, but it’s essential to consider the limitations of this action.

Firstly, it’s important to understand what resetting a computer entails. Resetting essentially means returning the computer to its original state as if it was just out of the factory. All programs, data, and files stored on the device will be wiped out, and it will be akin to starting with a clean slate. While it will surely remove any viruses or malware from the device, it is important to weigh the repercussions of losing all your valuable data.

Does Resetting Computer Remove Viruses?

Resetting a computer means restoring it to its factory settings, wiping out all the data, applications, and settings that were installed after its purchase. There are varying opinions regarding whether resetting a computer can remove viruses or not, and here is a proper explanation of the topic:

• Resetting a computer can remove some viruses: Some viruses infect the operating system and modify essential files and settings that allow them to survive even after the user runs a virus scan or deletes suspicious files. Resetting the computer can erase these modifications and restore the original configuration, effectively removing some viruses.

• Resetting a computer may not remove all viruses: Some viruses are designed to infect specific areas of the computer’s hardware or firmware that cannot be erased by a reset. For example, some ransomware viruses encrypt the user’s files and demand payment to unlock them, but the encryption key may be stored on a remote server controlled by the attacker, making it impossible to recover the files even after resetting the computer.

• Resetting a computer can also introduce new risks: If the user doesn’t back up their data before resetting the computer, they may lose important files such as documents, photos, and videos. Moreover, resetting a computer doesn’t address the underlying vulnerabilities that allowed the virus to infect the computer in the first place, such as outdated software, weak passwords, or unsecured internet connections.

• Resetting a computer is a drastic measure: Resetting a computer should be considered as a last resort after trying other methods to remove viruses, such as running a full scan with a reputable antivirus software, using a malware removal tool, or seeking professional help from a computer technician.

In conclusion, resetting a computer can remove some viruses, but it’s not a guaranteed solution in all cases, and it may cause other problems if not done properly. The best approach to deal with viruses is to take preventive measures, such as keeping the software up-to-date, using strong passwords, educating oneself on safe browsing habits, and being cautious while opening email attachments or downloading software from untrusted sources.


1. Question: Will resetting my computer remove viruses?

Answer: Yes, resetting your computer can remove viruses as it resets your system to its original state and removes all programs, files, and configurations, including viruses and malware.

2. Question: Do I need to back up my files before resetting my computer?

Answer: Yes, it’s important to back up your files as resetting your computer will delete all data on your hard drive, including personal files, photos, and documents.

3. Question: Can resetting my computer fix all types of viruses?

Answer: No, resetting your computer cannot remove all types of viruses, especially those hiding in your system’s firmware or bootloader. In some cases, you may need to use antivirus software or seek professional help to completely remove the virus.

4. Question: Will resetting my computer speed up its performance if it has a virus?

Answer: Yes, resetting your computer can help speed up its performance if it has a virus, as it removes all unnecessary files and programs that may be slowing down your system.

5. Question: Is resetting my computer the only way to remove viruses?

Answer: No, resetting your computer is not the only way to remove viruses. You can also use antivirus software or seek professional help to remove the virus without resetting your system.


In conclusion, resetting your computer can help remove certain viruses and malware. However, it is not guaranteed to be effective in every case. Some viruses can remain on your computer even after a reset, so it’s important to regularly scan your computer with reliable antivirus software and keep your operating system and software up-to-date to minimize the risk of infection. Additionally, practicing safe browsing habits such as avoiding suspicious websites and email attachments can greatly reduce the likelihood of contracting a virus in the first place.

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